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Thursday, June 9, 2011

Some SharePoint terms

We will discuss some of the SharePoint 2010 terms here like SharePoint Farm, Web Application, Service Applications, Site Collections and Sites.

SharePoint Farms: SharePoint farm is a set of one or more server computers working together. A SharePoint farm can have dedicated database server, can have multiple front end servers. A farm can run one or more application servers, a database server and a set of Web servers.
Each SharePoint farm runs a single SQL Server database known as the configuration database. SharePoint Foundation creates a configuration database whenever it creates a new farm in order to track important farm-wide information.

In a larger organization SharePoint can have three farms: Development farms, Staging farms, Production farm.
Development farms will be used by the developers for development purposes. Staging farms will be used for testing the application and Production farm will be used for production purposes.

Web Applications:
A Web application is a collection of one or more IIS websites configured to map incoming HTTP requests to a set of SharePoint sites. The Web application also maps each SharePoint site to one or more specific content databases. SharePoint Foundation uses content databases to store site content such as list items, documents, and customization
information.SharePoint Web application runs as one large ASP.NET application. SharePoint Foundation adds a standard ASP.NET web.config file to the root directory of each IIS website associated with a Web application.A SharePoint farm typically runs two or more Web applications. The first Web application is created automatically for SharePoint 2010 Central Administration. Then you need one more Web application to create a SharePoint site. You can also check how to create a web application in SharePoint 2010?

Service Applications:
It is a replacement for Shared Service Providers which is provided by MOSS 2007. It helps sharing resources across sites running in different Web applications and different farms. This is like a pluggable component, Once you install and create a service application, you can configure it for several different deployment scenarios.

A site is an endpoint that is accessible from across a network such the Internet, an intranet, or an extranet. A site is also a storage container that allows users to store and manage content such as list items and documents.
A site is an instance of an application

Site Collections:
A site collection is a container of sites. Every site collection has a top-level site. A site collection can optionally contain a hierarchy of child sites. You can also check here how to create a site collection in SharePoint 2010?

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